Friday, March 20, 2015

The Pleasant-Looking Woman

My cousin Bob recently shared with me another family photo.  The man in the photo is my great-grandfather Henry F. Winchell.  Bob wondered who the pleasant-looking woman was.  She is as new to me as the photo.  Gazing at it for a while, I realized that there was a strong resemblance between the two people.  I thought it likely that the woman was a female cousin.  Then I started going through my records to see who it might be.
My top candidates are Mary Lucinda Strong Church and Lucinda Surriner Bailey.  Mary Lucinda "Lucinda" Strong was born on 24 February 1853 in Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., MA.  She was the daughter of Henry’s aunt Samantha Winchell and her husband Isaac Strong and lived around the corner from Henry on the main street of Housatonic, Mass.  She married Albert N. Church on 20 November 1872.  

Lucinda Surriner was born on 28 August 1863 in Great Barrington, Berkshire Co., MA, the daughter of Henry’s aunt Henrietta Winchell and her husband Uriah Surriner.  She lived with her parents around the corner from Henry on Kirk Street.  Her husband William Bailey died in 1901 at the age of 41. The federal census records did not always list the locality these women and their families were living in, but I think they were always in Housatonic. I wonder why the first name Lucinda was popular at this time.

Then I recalled I had this photo:

I thought I'd written about this photo before.  There are at least six women from my family pictured.  However, I'm not sure how the author of the caption read the photo. Did s/he start from the front of the table on the left or the left edge of the photo?  Either way it does seem that Mary Lucinda Strong Church is the last woman on the right.  There's slight highlighting near her eyes that make it look like she's wearing glasses.  Her hair is dark, though, and her face seems different, heavier.  Is it safe to say, then, the female cousin in the photo is Lucinda Surriner Bailey?

The other candidates are Grace G. Warner and her sister Nellie E. Warner.  They were the daughters of Henry’s aunt Julia Winchell and her husband Asahel Warner.  They are less likely because they eventually moved away from the area, but about the same age, so I’m including them. Their cousin Nathaniel Warner owned a large parcel of land right behind the John Winchell home on Hart Street.

Grace G. Warner was born on 28 September 1878 in Great Barrington. She and Paul Millard Elsden were married on 28 November 1901 by Robert F. Elsden of Stockbridge, MA in Great Barrington. After their marriage they lived in various places that Paul’s work took them:  1905 in Norwich, Chenango Co., NY; 1910 in Waverly, Bremer Co., IA;  1918 in Sacramento Co., CA; and 1925 in Boonville, Oneida Co., NY.

Nellie E. Warner was born on 2 February 1866 in Great Barrington. She and Elery D. Smith were married on 16 November 1887 in her hometown. They lived in the area until they moved to Springfield, Hampden Co., MA, USA in time to appear on the 1920 census.  

Perhaps someday something will be found to confirm the identity of this cousin.  This photo gives me a good feeling.  It is usually nice men who take the time to pose easily with their female cousins for photos.  

Monday, March 16, 2015

Another New Role

It looks like I'll be taking on another new role: keeper of the family tombstones.


I received a message back from the president of the Mellenville Union Cemetery Association.  I have permission to clean my great-uncle's tombstone, and he said no one else would do it.  That makes it pretty clear.  My great-uncle and his wife lie behind the large rectangle stone near the center of the photo.

I wonder if it's the same case in Berkshire County.  At one time I visited the cemetery near the old Great Barrington Fair.  I think it was after the tornado hit the area.  Most of the tombstones were illegible.  I believe they were cleaned the wrong way some time in history.  That was a great same.  The old tombstones are more delicate that you'd think.

I was warned to wait until the snow melted and the mud dried up.  I guess he doesn't expect everyone to be a country girl.


Sunday, January 25, 2015

Time to Heal and Time Team

I had to take a break from writing blogs because I sprained my right shoulder in late September.  I found out the hard way that nursing home wheelchairs are like pushing a grocery cart with a wonky wheel.  I work at a brisk pace on the computer all day, so I've come home at night to ice my shoulder and watch Time Team.



The original regular members were (left to right above) Tony Robinson as the presenter, Phil Harding, Prof. Mick Aston as the site coordinator and Carenza Lewis. Time Team is a very enjoyable program to watch.  A few archaeologists wanted to find a way to bring history to the people and educate them about their own country.  It ran for 20 years!  The first few years had only 4 episodes, then it jumped to 13 episodes a year.  There were also many specials.  The people featured on the program were educated, good-natured and intelligent, sometimes funny.  Each program also involved a few specialists in a given area, like Roman architecture or British pottery. In many episodes there would also be a specialist who would try to reproduce something of the time period under investigation, like a mill for Saxon mortar. Sometimes the team were invited by one individual, or an entire village, to investigate what's in their backyard.  Sometime they were invited by a government agency.  Out of the 230 sites they investigated, 210 were then legally protected.  That's a pretty good record.

I have a lot of English ancestors.  It's been a very enjoyable and entertaining way to see what Great Britain looks like and to learn some history.  Yes, I wondered if they would excavate something related to my ancestors.  They did, eventually, on my mother's side.  I will write about that on Wabash Valley Families.

I was very sad to discover that Mick Aston passed away.  He didn't think he made much difference.  He must have, or the villages and the government agencies wouldn't have invited  the team to do digs.  The series wouldn't have run for 20 years.  When it started in 1993, there was no Internet and no World-Wide Web.  People around the world watch Time Team now and enjoy watching the archaeology and the history revealed.  

PBS attempted to make archaeology popular in this country  by presenting Time Team America.  I think there've been only 9 episodes.  Why the big difference?  I know there's not the allure of having Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Roman, Saxon, Norman, Medieval and Tudor finds all in one backyard, but how long ago was 1492? The Vikings were here in the 11th century. I tend to think not that many people in this country are interested in history.

Saturday, November 8, 2014

Mohican Place Names


It has been thought that few Mohican place names were known.  Upon listing these place names, one can see that this is not the case.  The names do exist if someone cares to find them.  Further, the recorded names attest to the Mohican people as the original holders of the land. 

The majority of this information comes from “Appendix A:  Recorded Land Transactions” and “Appendix B:  Names, Locations, Relationships” in Shirley Dunn’s book The Mohicans and Their Land 1609-1730, Fleischmanns, N.Y.:  Purple Mountain Press Ltd., 1994.  Other information has been gleaned from additional sources. 

Corresponding present day locations are noted in red.


Mohican Name
English Name or Description
Mohican Owner
Achkoockpeek
Lake in southern Columbia Co., N.Y.

Achneganick
The second of four flats along the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. or Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Kenachkehantick, Awaankaniss, Taashammik)

Amissohaendiek
The land named in the Saratoga Patent

Assiskowachkok
The fourth of five large flats at Leeds, Greene Co., N.Y.

Awaankaniss
The third of four flats along the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. or Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Kenachkehantick, Achenganik, Taashammik)

Cachtanaquick
Lower Schodack Island, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Canasenix
Kill in Greene Co., N.Y. (see Pesquanachqua)

Caniskek
Tract of land along the Murderer’s Creek near Athens, Greene Co., N.Y.

Chawtiekignank/Chawtishegnack
Creek in Schoharie Co., N.Y.

Cickhekawick
Land at the mouth of the Kinderhook Creek

Escotak
Schodack, N.Y.

Gastanek
Albany, Albany, Co., N.Y.

Gawamick
Tract of land on the Murderer’s creek near Athens, Greene Co., N.Y.

Gokameko
Ancram, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Hapamewaisck
Largest of three islands opposite Menands, Albany Co., N.Y.
Passenehennewou, Cawichtack
Hiethoock
Lake in northern Columbia Co., N.Y.

Hoseke
Hoosick, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Kaghkamekack
Location in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Kaphack/Kapakagh (probably)
Northernmost of two flats on the west side of the Housatonic River in Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Machachquichkak)

Kaunameek
Indian village near Brainard, N.Y.

Kehantick
Field (maize land) in North Greenbush, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Kenachkehantick
Falls in the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. or Berkshire Co., Mass.

Kewaghteqak
The creek “running into the great Kinderhook hill,” Columbia Co., N.Y.

Kichpa
One of three flats in southern Columbia Co., N.Y. (see Nickan hoek and Wichquaskaha)

Kokohamok
Lake in the Town of Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Kyskitam meetshe
Tract of land on the north side of the Katterskill, near Kiskatom, Greene Co., N.Y.

Koxhackhung
Coxsackie, Greene Co., N.Y.
Sioketa, Sachamoes
Mathahenaack
Land at Half Moon, Saratoga Co., N.Y.

Machachquichkak
Southernmost of two flats on the west side of the Housatonic River, Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Kaphack)

Machaktehank
Location in Litchfield Co., Conn.

Machemene Pakak
The fourth and northernmost of four flats along the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. or Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Pacachkook, Soquawaen, Nanachquak, Taasham)

Mackawameek
Barents’ or Barren Island

Maghtequack
Lower Schodack Island, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Mahaskekook
A cripple bush in southern Columbia Co., N.Y.

Mannanpenokcon
Brook in Berkshire Co., Mass.

Manskuseehoank
Rattlesnake Mountain, Town of Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Mawauaemkaeck
Brook in Washington Co., N.Y.

Maquamsasick
One of two plains on the Catskill Creek, Town of Cairo, Greene Co., N.Y. (see Taghpokight)

Maroomskaak
Creek in Washington Co., N.Y. flowing into the Hoosick River

Mathahenaack
Foremost of the land called Halfe Moone

Mawanaqasick
Woodland and high woods in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Muhheconnetuck
Hudson River, New York State

Nabdskoock
Bears Island

Nachawinasick
Land surrounding and including the Cohoes Falls, N.Y.

Nachawithquaack
Location on the Hoosick River, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.


Nachtemack
Half Moon, Saratoga Co., N.Y.

Makemekassick
Kline Kill, a small creek emptying into the Kinderhook Creek Columbia Co., N.Y.

Nanachquak
The second of four flats along the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. and Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Pacachkook, Soquawaen, Taasham, Maachemene Pakak)

Nanoseck
Small island near Papscanee Island, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.  Also called Little Coopers Island
Syme, Capachick, Nachonan
Nehanenesick
Green Island, Albany Co., N.Y.

Nickan hooke
One of three flats in southern Columbia Co., N.Y. (see Kichpa and Wichquaskaha)

Noten Hoeck
Nutten Hook

Owseetumac
Housatonic River, Berkshire Co., Mass. And Connecticut

Paanpack
Troy, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.
Peyhaunet, Skiwias (Aepjen)
Pacachkook
The area containing four flats aong the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. and Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Soquawaen, Nanachquak, Taasham, and Maachemene Pakak)

Pachgatgoch
Location 40 miles downstream from Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Pachanhanit
Green Island, Albany Co., N.Y.

Pachkanesecq
Kill in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Pachonakelick
An island one half mile above Castleton, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.  Also called Ghonankenigh Island
Maghsapeet (Machack niemanauw), Sansewaneuwe, Paneensenn, Nipapoa
Pachquyak
Third of five large flats at Leeds, Greene Co., N.Y.

Packwack/Pachwack
Falls in Housatonic River, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Palipapaenpemock
Creek in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Pamshenakasick
Woodland in North Greenbush, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Panamesick
Flat land in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Panhooseck
Land from the Hudson River to the Poestenkill and between the two rivers, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Paponicuck
Muitzeskill Creek
Wanemenhett, Askantha
Papsickene
Papscanee Island, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.
Casehot, Onhaseme, Kamkebock, Sickewope, Nosenack, Ochkock
Paptaneck
Location in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Pasanthkack
Kinderhook Creek, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Paskoecq
Kill near Leeds, Greene Co., N.Y.

Patkook
One of ten flats along the river and kill beyond the Claverack Creek (see Potamhasik and Stichsooch)
Keesieway (Pamitapiet)
Patschachticoke, meaning where the rivers or streams fork
Near Claverack, on Claverack Creek

Pawachtuek
Falls in the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. or Berkshire Co., Mass.

Pegtels
Small island, Albany Co., N.Y.

Pesquanachqua
Tract of land in Greene Co., N.Y. along the Katterskill Creek

Pittanoock
Creek in northern Columbia Co., N.Y.

Pompenick
Land above Kinderhook, Columbia Co., N.Y., on the east side of the Kinderhook Creek

Ponsumpie
Ore Hill (Ancram, Ancramdale?)

Popgassick
Woodland in Lansingburgh, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Potakuk
Location 20 miles downstream from Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Potamhasik
One of ten flats along the river and kill beyond the  Claverack Creek (see Patkook and Stichsooch)
Keesieway (Pamitapiet)
Potik
The fifth of five large flats at Leeds, Greene Co., N.Y.

Potschotack
Land in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Preeuwen hoeck
Tract of land from the second cliff to the little kill along the  Claverack Creek

Puttanhenck
Small waterfall in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Quachanock
Tract of land in Greene Co., N.Y. near the Katterskill Creek

Quahemesicos
Van Schaick Island, part of Cohoes, Albany Co., N.Y.

Quatawichnaak
A fall on the Katterskill Creek

Quequictenhoecke
Falls on the Hoosic River

Querapogatt
Location in Litchfield Co., Conn.

Quisichkook
Jansens Kill near Tachkanick

Sanchaiek/Sanckhaik
Three flats of land along the western part of the Hoosic River
Also, a tract of land in Washington Co., N.Y.

Sankhasick
Island opposite Bethlehem, Albany Co., N.Y.
Wickepe, Wawwanhusqua, Osquasin, Seepsin, Kanochgape, Kachackpa, Manhachsepite wewan
Sanckhenak
Land at the mouth of the Roelof Jansen Kill, southern Columbia Co., N.Y.

Sapgtnack/Saptanok/Sassgtonack
Falls in Housatonic River, Berkshire Co., Mass. (also called Tapgtonak)

Sasskahampka
Location in southern Columbia Co., N.Y.

Schaahkook
Schaghticoke, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Semesseeck
Tract of land on the east bank of the Hudon River between Rensselaer and Castleton, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Sepewechkaseck
Tract of land in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Shekomeko
Shekomeko, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Siekatom
Hill at Coeymans, N.Y.

Soquawaen
The first of four plains along the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. and Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Pacachkook, Nanachquak, Taasham, Machemene Pakak)

Squampamuck
Ghent, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Squegkanekaneck
Location in Berkshire Co., Mass. Or Columbia Co., N.Y.

Squoghantkaneek
Location in Berkshire Co., Mass. Or Columbia Co., N.Y.

Stichsooch
One of ten flats along the river and kill beyond the Claverack Creek (see Potamhasick and Patkook)
Keesieway (Pamitapiet)
Stichtekook
High woods in Greene Co., N.Y.

Styffsink
Hill to the west of the Nutten Hook, N.Y.

Taasham
The third of four flats along the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. and Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Pacachkook, Soquawaen, Nanaachquak, Maachemene Pakak)

Taashammik
The fourth of four flats along the Housatonic River, Litchfield Co., Conn. and Berkshire Co., Mass. (see Kenachkehantick, Achneganick, Awaankaniss)

Tachkanak/Tachkanik/Taconic/
Taghkanic
Town, village and mountain range in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Taghpokight
One of two plains on the Catskill Creek, Town of Cairo, Greene Co., N.Y. (see Maquamsasick)

Tapgtonak/Sapgtnack
Falls in Housatonic River, Berkshire Co., Mass. 

Taphaes kotassick
One of two flats along the Kinderhook Creek, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Taskichenock
Wet meadows in North Greenbush, Rensselaer Co., N.Y.

Twastawekaksipus, meaning “creek flowing from sweet springs”
Claverack Creek, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Waantinuuk
River in Litchfield Co., Conn.

Wachachkeek
Leeds Flat, one of five flats at Leeds, Greene Co., N.Y.

Wachanekasseck
Small creek opposite Catskill, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Waen Naemka
Tract of land along the Murderer’s Creek near Athens, Greene Co., N.Y.

Wampanicksepoot
Green River in Columbia Co., N.Y. and Berkshire Co., Mass.

Wapakosick
River in Columbia Co., N.Y.

Wappennakvias
Sweet River

Wata Pickkaak
Creek in southern Berkshire Co., Mass. Or northern Litchfield Co., Conn.

Wawanaquasick
Location in Town of Livingston, Columbia Co., N.Y.

Weatogue/Weatock
Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Wechquatnach
50 mi. downstream from Stockbridge, Berkshire Co., Mass.

Weeatauwashoke
Hill in the Town of Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Weeputting
Mountain in Litchfield Co., Conn.

Wichguanachtikak
Second of five large flats at Leeds, Greene Co., N.Y.

Wichquaskaha
One of three flats in southern Columbia Co., N.Y. (see Nickan hooke and Kichpa)

Wimpeting
Location seven miles south of Sharon, Litchfield Co., Conn.

Wishshiag
Wassaic, Dutchess Co., N.Y.

Wogaskewackook
Lake in northern Columbia Co., N.Y.

Womunting
Location in Dutchess Co., N.Y.